Managing acid reflux
The backflow of acid and bile from the stomach to the esophagus is known as acid reflux. This is a common phenomenon but can cause troublesome symptoms and complications. The lower esophageal sphincter usually prevents something like this from happening. However, when the LES becomes weak or relaxed, the acid and bile from the stomach can move into the esophagus. Acid reflux causes can vary based on different factors and events. Refluxmd provides details on possible factors and ways of managing acid reflux.
Acid reflux can be easily managed through diet, lifestyle changes and medicines. Surgical options are also available if the issue is severe.
The acid reflux diet is one which is devoid of certain trigger foods and includes those that are alkaline based. Trigger foods, as the name suggests are those that can cause an acid reflux. These items cause gas, inflammation or acidity further heightening the chances of an acid reflux. A person experiencing acid reflux must avoid:
· Citrus fruits - oranges, grapefruit, lemonade etc. and tomatoes
· Coffee and caffeinated drinks
· Chocolate in any form like cakes or cookies
· Aerated drinks like sodas and energy drinks
· High-fat and spicy food such as french fries, bacon, full-fat dairy products, fried beef or lamb, potato chips, spicy salsa etc.
Food items that are helpful in case of an acid reflux are:
· Healthy oils and fat found in olives or almonds
· Green leafy and alkaline vegetables like potatoes, cucumbers, spinach, broccoli etc.
· Plain oatmeal that absorbs stomach acid
· Whole grain wheat and rice are good options too
· Lean meat and egg white
Acid reflux can also be managed through medication and surgery. The most common acid reflux medicine is an antacid, taken to find quick relief. Other medicines that can be prescribed by a doctor are:
· H2 blockers like Zantac or Pepcid
· Proton pump inhibitors such as Nexium, Protonix, Prilosec and Prevacid
A normal aspirin or painkillers known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs usually don't cause problems, but overtime these may irritate the esophagus. Ibuprofen, celebrex and naproxen are examples of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Many heart disease and blood pressure medicines also relax the lower esophageal sphincter. If the patient is on any such drugs and experiences a reflux, then a consultation with a doctor is required. Refluxmd is a dedicated site for acid reflux problems and provides information on the medication for such.
Surgical and other proceduresare options for severe cases and following procedures are viable options:
This procedure reinforces and tightens the lower esophageal sphincter when the upper portion of the stomach is wrapped around it.
Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication
A device known as an EsophyX is inserted through the mouth. It creates a fold at the esophagus base, creating a new valve and preventing acid refluxes.
A ring with tiny titanium magnetic beads is wrapped around the LES. The magnetic force in the beads keep the LES passage closed to prevent a reflux, but food can pass easily.
Each case of acid reflux is different, and the patient must consult with his/her doctor to decide thebest course of action.Original source : https://refluxmd.blogspot.com/2018/12/managing-acid-reflux.html