Vein thrombosis - definition
As a result of disturbances in the proper flow of blood in the veins, inflammation may occur, which results in damage to the endothelium lining the walls of the blood vessels. In these places, platelets stick to the endothelium, forming a blood clot. The clot blocks a vein and may cause it to drain incorrectly. When a blood clot breaks off the vein wall, it can lead to serious embolism. Thrombosis most often occurs in people over 40 years of age. Untreated thrombosis can have unpleasant consequences and can even lead to death.
Causes of thrombosis
Blood in the veins of a healthy person has no problem getting to the heart. Movement of blood from the legs in the opposite direction to gravity makes muscles work better. On the other hand, the downward flow of blood is blocked by valves in our veins. So advice of vein doctor in Chicago is must for vein treatment
If the blood would like to "turn back," the valves close and block the way back. Some clots absorb themselves but leave damage around the valve and internal vein walls. Unfortunately, the appearance of new clots is only a matter of time. What if the clot doesn't absorb? It grows to a larger size and clogs the vein, resulting in the emergence of new clots surrounding the valves and disrupting their work.
Conditions that must be met to avoid thrombosis:
The blood must have normal blood pressure and flow rhythmically through the blood vessels; To effectively control the pressure, it is worth equipping yourself with a pressure gauge for home use. And take proper Vein treatment Chicago.
Symptoms of vein thrombosis
Venous thrombosis may be asymptomatic or indicate other conditions. However, there are some circumstances that can lead to a diagnosis in this direction: compression or spontaneous pain - where inflammation and thrombosis of the veins occurs, swelling of the limb bruising or redness of the skin in a given place, feverishness painful hardening of the palpable vein.
Symptoms of superficial vein thrombosis:
Change in skin color, and also painful hardening along the vein in which the inflammatory process takes place. The disease may also affect deep veins, e.g., lower leg, and then swelling dominates, and the pain intensifies when the dorsiflexion of the foot in the lying position or when walking. When thrombophlebitis covers the deep veins of the thigh or pelvis, there is pain and swelling of the entire limb. Sometimes the thrombosis runs without any symptoms, calmly, until the clot is released into the bloodstream and its embedding in the vessels of the organ, which is important for our functioning (it can be heart, brain or lung) and, as a consequence, sudden impairment of activity and immediate threat to life.
Symptoms of deep vein thrombosis:
Edema, pain when dorsiflexing the foot when lying down or walking pain and swelling of the whole limb.
The attendance of blood clots in deep veins increases the risk of pulmonary embolism, which impairs cardiac failure and, consequently, death. Small clots only partially clog the vessels.