Prevention and treatment of back pain:
Medical treatments: The treatment of nonspecific back pain is based on medication, if necessary at the time of painful crises, but especially on non-pharmacological measures (education, bodybuilding and relaxation exercises, massages). Multidisciplinary programs that include pain management, education and counselling, physical exercise and psychological support are the most effective.
In the vast majority of cases, back pain disappears in a few weeks. However, a certain proportion of them become chronic (about 7%). There is often a vicious circle: the more you ache, the less you ask for the back, the weaker the muscles, the less they support the spine, and the more you have pain.
Here is an overview of commonly recommended treatments and measures for acute and chronic nonspecific pain.
Pain medications: When the pain is intense, several medications can relieve, paracetamol (acetaminophen), an analgesic (pain medication) is recommended in the first place. Back Pain Treatment New York is important as soon as it appears.
Acute back pain: Acute back pain treatment can be followed for a few days and it uses paracetamol (1 g 3 or 4 times a day maximum) or an upper-tier analgesic if the Back Problems Doctor deems it necessary (codeine, dextropropoxyphene, tramadol, dihydrocodeine). If necessary, the pain reliever may be combined with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and / or a muscle relaxant (benzodiazepine) if the pain is, at least in part, related to muscle contracture.
Chronic back pain: If the pain becomes chronic (more than 12 weeks), the Back Dr Specialist can prescribe analgesics in "background treatment". Be careful however to self-medication: anti-pain and NSAIDs are not trivial; nor should they be associated without medical advice. In some cases, epidural infiltrations of corticosteroids may be anticipated. They reduce inflammation. Finally, tricyclic antidepressants have a pain-relieving effect and may be prescribed by the Doctors That Specialize In Back Pain for chronic low back pain, especially in the case of associated depressive syndrome.
Many studies have shown that prolonged bed rest tends to aggravate the pain, increasing stiffness, decreasing muscle strength, but also fueling fear and creating an avoidance attitude (the person has afraid of pain, so she avoids potentially painful gestures, and these become even more so). The osteopathy , the physiotherapy (physical therapy) and massage therapy are effective
Back Muscle Pain Treatment, especially if they persist for more than two weeks. Combining manipulations, bodybuilding exercises, exercise rehabilitation, and sometimes electrical stimulation, massage, heat, etc., these techniques can relax muscles and improve posture, and prevent the return pain.
Psychotherapy and education:
Some approaches to psychotherapy, such as mind-body approaches, can help break the cycle of chronic pain. In addition to reducing the intensity of the pain, they help to better manage stress, to learn to relax and to have a more positive attitude. The cognitive behavioural therapy is one of the most used approaches.
Surgical intervention: People with chronic back pain should have a surgical intervention, but it can be offered in case of abnormalities or malformations accessible to surgery.